Methods of modern history

There are so much methods to create magic squares of double-even order, so that they are divided into three sections. In this section you will find some methods of modern history.

You will find more methods to create magic squares of double-even order in section Even, in section Doubled Order choosing subsection n=4k or n even and also in section pandiagonal squares.

Method Method
Arnauld Lin Pengcheng (1998)
Cram (Method 1) Method of rotations
Cram (Method 2) Pan Linsen
Cram (Method 3) Planck
de La Hire – Violle Planck (Theory of reversions)
d'Ons-en-Bray Poignard
Drach Rallier des Ourmes
Duan – Liu – Öi – Tian Shen
Huang – Lin Umar
Ibrahim – Jibril – Umar Woodruff
Liang Peiji-Zhang Hangfu-Zhang Xiafu Zhu Yunshan
Lin Pengcheng (1997)

All algorithms are described in detail in chapter Double-even Magic Squares (german: Doppelt-gerade Ordnungen) together with some other PDF documents.

DocumentsDetailed description of algorithms to create magic squares